Kiwis all over the world are called Japanese strawberries for their similarity with the same-name berry, although not in color, not in taste, they are not similar. This emerald berry came to our liking and took its rightful place on our table, especially since it is very useful to use it in the spring. Today, 75% of the population of our country has a deficiency of ascorbic acid, and in fact, one kiwi contains up to 75 mg of vitamin C, i.e. double daily rate. According to its content, one kiwi replaces 2 oranges and 4 tomatoes. And it also contains as much fiber as half a grapefruit, more potassium than in a banana, and also a whole multivitamin complex – E, Z, Sun, B2, B3, B6, D, A, beta-carotene. Plus iron, phosphorus, magnesium, amino acids, and antioxidants!
Kiwi is perhaps the youngest of all known fruits – its cultural species appeared about 100 years ago. For many, it is interesting that initially this berry was brought to Europe in the middle of the 19th century, not for food, but for decorating greenhouses. The history of the appearance of kiwi began when the New Zealander A. Alison received as a gift the seeds of “monkey peach” brought from China. For 30 years, Alison perfected this plant, until it turned out now known to the whole world exotic fruit. Kiwi owes its name to the New Zealand flightless kiwi bird, which it looks like: this bird is wingless and covered with brown feathers. Kiwi appeared on the world market thanks to the crisis in the 30s of the last century when port clerk J. McLaughlin decided to change his occupation and began to grow this fruit for sale.
Kiwi is widely used not only in cooking but also in medicine. Kiwi – an excellent cure for excessive nervousness, digestive problems, serves as a good prevention of joint ailments and urolithiasis. Norwegian scientists recommend eating 2-3 kiwis for at least 28 consecutive days to lower blood cholesterol, cleanse the vessels of atherosclerotic plaques and reduce the likelihood of blood clots. German cardiologists recently found that daily consumption of 2-3 kiwi helps stabilize blood pressure and improves the condition of coronary heart disease.
As for dietetics, the kiwi is perfect for those who want to lose weight. Nutritionists advise eating one berry before breakfast and dinner – small bones activate the intestines, neutralize part of dietary fat and help lower blood sugar. Kiwi fruits contain a minimum of calories, but at the same time cause the body to produce enzymes that burn fat, and remove its decay products. And along the way, they activate the work of the kidneys, removing excess fluid from the tissues, and support the heart – it also weakens and loses weight when you go on a diet. The most unpleasant consequence of weight loss is when instead of adipose tissue muscles begin to dissolve. Kiwi helps to avoid this effect: in its pulp, the actin enzyme is present, which improves the absorption of the protein necessary for fiber synthesis.
Roughly Kiwi Diet Menu
Breakfast: Muesli with apples and kiwi: cut in half 150 g of apples, cut into cubes 1 kiwi and separate 1/2 grapefruit slices from the membranes. Mix the fruits and mix them with 4 tables. tablespoons of cornflakes and 2 tablespoons. spoons of wheat sprouts. Pour 150 ml of buttermilk.
Second breakfast: Vitamin cocktail: squeeze juice from 1/2 grapefruit, 1 orange and mix with 2 tables. spoons of wheat sprouts. Pour mineral water.
Lunch: Semolina dumplings with kiwi: boil semolina porridge from 200 ml of milk, 30 g of cereal, 1/2 tsp of vanilla sugar. Cool. Add 1 table. a spoonful of wheat germ and 1 yolk. Make 3 dumplings and put them on 100 g chopped kiwi. Make mashed potatoes from 1 table. tablespoons of yogurt and 50 g of strawberries and garnish dumplings with it.
Snack: Kiwi with pistachios: mix 100 g of low-fat yogurt with 1 tablespoon of whey and season with this “sauce” 200 g of kiwi. Sprinkle 1/2 teaspoon. tablespoons chopped pistachios.
Dinner: Sandwich with cottage cheese and kiwi: Spread 1 bun with 1 teaspoon of butter with low-fat content and cover with mint leaves. Put 50 g of homemade cheese and 100 g of kiwi on top. Serve a drink of 150 g of berries, 200 ml of buttermilk and 1 tbsp. a spoonful of wheat sprouts.